British Army. New Plymouth Garrison, Imperial Regiments
The 57th Regiment and a detachment of the 70th Regiment of the British Army were stationed at New Plymouth from 1861 to 1865. The Garrison was located in and around the town of New Plymouth, with the primary barracks at Marsland Hill. Officers and soldiers were also stationed at outposts scattered to the north and south of the town. Outposts included Mahoetahi, Poutoko, Ōmata, Ōākura, Bell Block, Kaitake, and Sentry Hill. Further outposts appear at Manutahi and Mataitawa.
Each entry in the book begins with the following day’s detail of guard placement and duty officers accompanied by the daily garrison orders. Garrison orders include court martials, divine service parades, escort and convoys to the outposts, detail of troops (both militia and Imperial), discharge and granting of leave, reported deaths, inspection boards, and indications to troop movement and attacks on ‘rebel’ Māori.
Many of the orders cover the mundane aspects of troop life, with assembled Boards of Officers inspecting quality of biscuit and salt meat rations or employment of troops as bullock drivers. They also provide insight into the monthly routines concerning sanitation, wellbeing and lifestyle of the troops.
Alongside the garrison orders are published excerpts of General Orders received from headquarters in Auckland. These orders detail specific regulations and rules that Officers were expected to implement. Letters from the Secretary of State for war, promotions from Her Royal Majesty and Horse Guard and War Office circulars are regularly published for the Officer’s information.
New Plymouth Garrison Order book 9 January to 18 October 1864
Excel document. Index to New Plymouth Garrison Order book 9 January to 18 October 1864. Index includes brief description of daily entries, key themes, people, link to other resources and notes.
Full PDF copy and individual TIFF files (459) of New Plymouth Garrison Order book 9 January to 18 October 1864.